Critical thinking at work john chaffee 10th edition. Doing a literature review releasing the social science research imagination. Methodology of a research paper. TENTH EDITION Thinking Critically John Chaffee, PhD Director, Center for Philosophy and Critical Thinking, City University of New York Australia • Brazil. Critical thinking at work john chaffee 10th edition. Critical thinking books journalists knowledge management assignment system mla handbook for writers of.
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All these branches have played an essential role in the business. Accounting procedures creates the transparency in the business. In addition, all these branches of accounting are discussed below in the given manner: Management Accounting Management accounting is one of the branches of accounting.
In this branch of accounting, financial statements are presented to the managers so that they will analyze the financial condition of the company.
Financial statements contain financial information about a particular company or business. They provide real time as well as complete and accurate information to the senior management of the company.
Financial information is quite essential for management in order to make objectives or strategies for the company. A number of processes are involved, if the management wants to make a successful strategy or objective. These processes are planning, implementation, and evaluation. It is necessary that the objective should be well planned, its implementation should also be properly organized and the evaluation criteria should developed in order to analyze the results of the objectives.
In order to record their revenues as well as expenditures, the non-profit organizations hire fund accountants. These accountants use their knowledge to maintain financial accounts of non-profit organization. Tax Accounting Tax accounting is mainly followed by the government and regulation authorities. This type of accounting is generally focuses on the process of tax collection.
The process to record the tax amount is paid by the companies, businesses or individuals, etc.
Thinking critically john chaffee 10th edition pdf
Each country has its own procedures or tax ratios for the individuals or companies. The essential difference between the financial accounting and tax accounting is that tax accounting comprises on the laws of tax collections; whereas the financial accounting is based upon the operating activities of a business. Auditing Auditing is one of the most important branches of accounting discipline.
The reason to do auditing is to ensure that the practices which a business can be followed are ethical.
The responsibility of the auditors is to inspect business procedures and verify the financial accounts. In the branch of auditing, there are two kinds of auditors such as internal auditor and external auditor. Internal auditors inspect the internal environment of the business; whereas the external auditors scrutinize the external environment of the business.
Financial Accounting Financial accounting is also the part of accounting. It is considered as one of the most important branch of accounting discipline. In the financial accounting, one can learn that how the company presents their financial information for different kinds of stakeholders.
Financial statement shows the financial information of the company such as operational activities; profit or loss, outflow and inflow of cash many others.
Finance managers are responsible to create financial statement of any company or business. Moreover, it is the duty of finance managers to gather the knowledge regarding the financial transactions, analyze it and present it in the form of report.
The reason behind to publish the financial results is to inform the stakeholders about the financial condition of the company. Forensic Accounting Forensic accounting is also the branch of accounting. In this type of accounting, one can analyze the financial information in order to inspect the frauds as well as the scandals.
This branch of accounting normally used in the legal proceeding. The professionals of this field are known as forensic accountants and forensic analytics. These professionals are responsible to follow some key procedures in order to investigate a financial problem.
The key steps for forensic accountants are collection of data, preparation of data, data analysis, and reporting the information. Forensic accounting is used to do analysis for some of the issues that include: Accounting Assignment Help Services Accounting is an academic discipline that is used by several companies or businesses in order to determine the financial outcomes. By taking the help of accounting, there are lots of people are able to done different type of evaluation or estimation.
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Thinking Critically, 10th Edition
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We suggest that customers should take our accounting help services, if they want to get top grades in the accounting courses. We were sitting in the living room of her apartment and, as always, Nermal was vying for our attention—pawing at our hair, walking along the couch behind us, spreading across our laps and looking up at us with her big, bright eyes. The question made me think about my own two cats, and our many and varied interactions throughout the day.
I tell them I love them; sometimes I ask them if they know how much I love them. On days spent away from my apartment, I return home and greet them by asking how their day was. I got the anthrozoologist and professor of psychology at Western Carolina University Hal Herzog on the phone to talk it out.
Human beings are natural anthropomorphizers, meaning we naturally tend to [ascribe] all kinds of thoughts and meanings to other things in our lives.
But that impulse is especially strong for things that are or seem animate, like animals and AI—and when it comes to pets, people often think of them as little members of the family. Rarely do people ask open-ended questions my asking Mila and Martin how their days were puts me in the minority, it turns out , and usually they speak in a higher-pitched voice. But though the instinct to anthropomorphize is innate, there are circumstances that make someone more likely to do so.
Besides; there are other problems such as: boat navigators are not well trained and rely on their basic experience about the River Nile path. The modern navigation channel does not exist by any standards the absence of the suitable navigational aids and landmarks, [22, 24]. In recent years the Government of Egypt initiated the efforts towards developing the River Nile navigation. These efforts will increase the revenue from tourism, and reduce the cost of shipping.
The River Nile navigation has great importance because it will reduce the load on road transportation system with the drastically increased of population way of cargo transportation and tourism goods need to be transported inside Egypt. Reduce the ever increasing overcrowding on Egyptian motorways.
Decrease in the air pollution and overall transport cost.
Increasing the investment creation of job opportunities financed by new businesses based on rural cities . Remote sensing technology is able to penetrate water column and identify shallow water objects . Remote observations provide relatively low-cost information on shallow water bathymetry, compared to other known bathymetry retrieval techniques, such as Lidar scanning, multibeam systems and singlebeam echo sounder .
These methods provide high resolution and accurate data, but surveying in those cases is usually expensive and time consuming [7, 12]. The use of remote sensing imageries in shallow water habitat and bathymetric mapping was initiated by using medium and high resolution satellite images .
Sutanto  stated that multispectral sensor, can penetrate up to 20 meter below the sea surface in a clear water condition. Madden  used band ratio method of several Worldview-2 imageries bands and found that bands combination was the best to enhance shallow water bathymetric information. Alsubaie  who performed bathymetric mapping research in San Francisco Bay also agreed that band ratio gave a proper result. Guntur  argued that higher water turbidity results in less electromagnetic spectrum penetration through water column.
In recent years many experiments aiming to estimate bathymetry in optically shallow waters with the use of remote optical observation. Calibration of relative water depths resulted by this algorithm was done by using a set of ground truth points and another analytical approach proposed by Lyzenga [13, 14] and Philpot . Geo Eye satellite image used here to examine bottom albedo-independent bathymetry algorithm band ratio for providing shallow water bathymetric information.
RMSEr calculated with respect to echo sounder traditional data. Then, building an automated navigation system for River Nile fleet in Egypt using Linear Reference and Dynamic Segmentation techniques based on the above retrieved bathymetry data and other collected data achieved. The developed application supports the system configuration and provides data visualization in real-time. It includes a powerful wizard to guide the operator step by step.
This navigation system will help the fleet's navigators to navigate safely by getting all available surveying data like locations along River Nile start and end coordinates points or by real time pick up location, directions along River Nile with tracking the trip, route with suitable water discharge, water depths, River Nile width, nearest ports, barrages, dams, allowable speed and carry.
Traditional depths were measured by echo sounders with singlebeam and GPS receivers were applied in the area of Esna Bridge.
It was essential to carry out fieldwork, using the most modern and accurate equipment in order to obtain useful information about the water depths and river bottom type. The fieldwork was under taken at with the acquisition of the Geo Eye satellite imagery date.
The reason for conducting this survey at the same time as image acquisition was to obtain more accuracy in the study methodology. Geo Eye-1, launched in September , is an imaging satellite of Digital Globe.
The spacecraft is in a sun-synchronous orbit with an operating altitude of km. Geo Eye-1 collects images at 0. The sensor is optimized for large projects, as it can collect over , square kilometers of VHR satellite imagery every day. Geo Eye-1 can revisit any point on Earth once every three days, or even sooner depending on latitude and elevation angle.
Basemap produced from the author in a previous paper, titled Developing Updated Basemap for River Nile in Egypt Using Free Sources Satellite Images, Omayma Obada , this basemap created using on screen digitizing in registered free sources satellite images to digitize main streams and sub-streams within the River Nile catchment area. It is a mapping product that provides hydrographic information for regional and global-scale applications in a consistent format.
It offers a suite of geo-referenced data sets, including river networks, watershed boundaries, drainage directions, and flow accumulations. Ocean, lake and river shorelines were identified and delineated from the 1 arc-second data pixel resolution 30m and were saved as vectors in ESRI 3-D Shapefile format.
Several steps were involved in the preparation of the spectral and bathymetric data for water depth mapping. They included atmospheric correction, geometric correction, and the extraction of bathymetric values from the nautical chart and the corresponding pixel values from both images. In this model, the reflectance of water, Rw, of a particular spectral band is defined as: Where i denote visible bands, IR near-infrared band, Y the constant to correct for spectral variation and depends on aerosol type.
In this study, the correction presumes a maritime atmosphere with a spectral variation similar to that of the water surface specular reflectance. This assumption is reasonable for Geo Eye-1 data with no cloud cover. Water vapours with large diameters might require a separate aerosol correction. Water absorptivity varies spectrally from band to band. As the depth increases, the reflected irradiance decreases faster in the high absorptivity spectral band e.
Procedurally, we first corrected the tidal effect on the remotely sensed data to the bathymetric datum, then computed for blue and green bands the averages of the pixel values of along the 0m and 5m bathymetric lines using Relative Water Depth tool enabled in ENVI, which were input into the model to estimate equation coefficient m1 and constant m0.
These parameters were further fine-tuned for producing better matches between the model output Z and the sampled in-situ data until the Root Mean Squared Error RMSEr of the model was managed down to an acceptable level, as shown in the Table 2. From the previous calculation and using observed echo sounder data to validated image estimated depths to ground truth depths, the differences between the observed depth and the estimated depth ranges from 0. Converting data or standardizing data phase is the process by which data collected from different sources in various formats KMZ, DWG, Shapefile, text Geodatabase have a comprehensive information model for representing and managing geographic information.
This model is implemented as a series of tables holding feature classes, raster datasets, and attributes. In addition, advanced GIS data objects add GIS rules for managing spatial integrity and tools for working with numerous spatial relationships of the core features, raster and attributes.
It supports storing information about collected data as metadata. Geodatabase design begins by identifying the data themes to be used, then specifying the contents and representations of each thematic layer, as shown in Figure 9 . Geographic features are represented for each theme as points, lines, polygons, or raster along with their tabular attributes and data are organized into datasets, as feature classes, attributes, raster datasets, and additional spatial and database elements will be needed for integrity rules, for implementing rich GIS behaviour as topologies, networks, and finally defining spatial and attribute relationships between datasets.
Data Quality Control phase DQC is the process of controlling the usage of data with known quality measurement, this process based on Automated and Manual procedures.
These procedures depend on spatial relationship matrix called Topology. Topology is Logical spatial relationships between features in the same layer or in different layers. Topology rules can be applied depending on the spatial relationships defined in designed geodatabase schema, most topology violations have fixes that used to correct errors.
The topology errors handled using Arc MAP application using Fix Topology Tools; the used topology rules in this phase are defined and determined, as shown in the Figure Distance measurements are used to address location along River Nile. Linear Referencing is called River Addressing, it allows objects such as field monitoring stations, which collect information about water quality analysis, toxic release inventories, drinking water supplies, structure, and pump station to be located along a river or stream system.
The measurement scheme used in River Addressing and Navigation system allows the measurement of flow distance between any two points on a flow path. These systems simplify the recording of data by using a relative position along an already existing linear feature. That is, location is given in terms of a known linear feature and a position, or measure along it. Dynamic segmentation is the process of computing the map location shape of events stored in an event table and allows multiple sets of attributes to be associated with any portion of a linear feature, as shown in Figure The result of this process is a dynamic feature class known as a route event source.
A route event source can serve as the data source of a feature layer in Arc Map Application. A dynamic feature layer behaves like any other feature layer. It is possible to decide whether to display it, the scale at which it should be visible, what features or subset of features to display, how to draw the features, whether to store it as a layer file or export it, and so on. It is used for creating and managing GIS Web services, applications and data.
Data was published as feature services and other geoprocessing tools were published as geoprocessing services and System Architecture, as shown in Figure A web application is an application that uses a website as the interface.
Users can easily access the application from any computer connected to the Internet using a standard browser. Web application is accessible anytime, anywhere and via any client side platform with an Internet connection.
The user interface of web applications is easier to customize and easy to use. This extends ability to receive and interact with data, maps and information in a way that suits them. Web application architecture makes it possible to rapidly integrate enterprise systems, improving work-flow and other business processes.
By taking advantage of internet technologies you get a flexible and adaptable business model that can be changed according to shifting market demands. Web applications are typically deployed on dedicated servers, which are monitored and maintained by experienced server administrators. This is far more effective than monitoring hundreds or even thousands of client computers; this means that security is tighter.
It is used to make webpages interactive and provide online programs, and all modern web browsers support. Java Script supports many functional and programming styles. The main tools available in this application; a list for all data layers that user can choose which layer can be visible in map display, navigation tools zoom in, zoom out, zoom to full extend , identify tool, clear any selection tool.
The River Nile Navigation application has main screen which divided into two parts. This navigation system will help the fleet's navigators to navigate safely by getting all available surveying data like locations along River Nile User can select or identify starting point from map display for his trip and then select destination point or by real time pick up location, and the system can providing directions along River Nile and information about his trip as distance in KM with tracking the trip, centerline with suitable water discharge, water depth, River Nile width, nearest ports, barrages, dams, allowable speed, and allowable carry.
This application can be integrated with Global Positioning System GPS to provide user location on the map display, and this system can be extended to be used as tracking system for all movements inside River Nile in Egypt. It is necessary to use and update all the available data to develop a navigation system in River Nile in Egypt.
Improvement of navigation in the River Nile will increase the cargo load shipped and increase tourism boats. Then, minimize or eliminating of the overcome tourism ships stuck near Luxor and Aswan city that happed every year during the peak of the tourism season.
Monitoring River Nile depths, which derived from high-resolution multispectral satellite imagery as bathymetric data, and rebuild an updated route for tourism ships through the developed application is available application. The remote sensing approach demonstrated in this study was proven effective for River Nile water bathymetry mapping.
This is especially true when the study area is inaccessible for field data collection. The Geo Eye multi-spectral band satellite image used in this study are compatible in spectral resolution for bathymetry mapping. Although the resultant water depths had a good precision with RMSEr 0. This method can be used in cases that frequency bathymetric data needed as our case in River Nile in Egypt. The applied approach in Esna can be generalized in any part in the River Nile in Egypt to estimate water depths to be used in navigation.
Dynamic Segmentation gives ability to present more data and information in a simple and easy way along Nile River. The developed application proved the useful of integration between Geomatics Engineering with Software Engineering on how collected maps, data, functions and information were used in an easy useful way using programming language to build up an automated navigation web application system that allows easy operation of all inertial navigation.
Chybicki et al. Creative writing center Somewhere out in the ether, someone will become irate over something like the misuse of the word "there".
Or the idea that anyone would use two spaces after a period full stop; dot. Or that a person might write the phrase "home in" when they mean "hone-in" Okay, that was me, actually. On this Linked In group. And maybe we've always done this to new writers. But it feels weird to watch this new influx of people being asked to "create content" with a pretty vague idea of what that might look like, and then continue to watch as more seasoned writers and their cronies mock them.
I know I get profoundly uncomfortable mucking around in other people's writing when I feel that they need a remedial class before they dive in. And oddly, I do notice that it's a rare breed of person who can openly admit that they can't write, that it is a learnable skill and that they want to put the time in to refine their skills. The people who can do this, generally speaking, are writers. So the shaming does come from a place of genuine frustration sometimes.
You know who doesn't do this sort of shaming, generally speaking? I have never, not once, seen a similar "design mistakes" post. When there are such things, they are gentle, teachable posts, not gut wrenchingly cringy shame-fests. If you are going to blog, you really ought to read lots of blogs. Here is a sample of what I often send to Ben Groulx, our design director: And here is what he sends back: So.
Just as is the case with the best musicians, dancers, actors and other artists, most writers take writing classes. Most writers participate in writing-related discussions. And you should realize that your writing is going to improve as you practice. Second, this is not a tutorial on the mechanics of how to set up your blog. This is assuming that you have a blog, you're just not writing in it.
That out of the way, here is a step-by-step guide on how to write a blog: The first creative writing tip is one that I have already mentioned, but it bears repeating: Read. If it's Cyanide and Happiness, then that's your poison get it?! Some of these tips may be painfully obvious, but I think they are all valid. Are there any other tips you use that help you write better? I'm always learning and would love to know more tips on how to write better.
Read the kind of writing you would like to be able to write. I'd love to learn more of what works, so, as usual, let me know what you use. Writing Story Pictures Write a creative stories to describe what's happening in these pictures.
Persuasive Writing Prompts Check out our collection of persuasive writing topics. Good words to use in gcse creative writing Each day you return home after school tired and annoyed, instead of having a rest, you have to start working on your homework assignment.
It is really hard to focus that times as there are a lot of temptations around you. Some school students prefer listening to music while others watch TV shows or play video games.
It is twice as difficult to stay focused on the specific homework assignment due to the fact there are many devices in the modern world which distract people from their work. Many educational websites try to help school and college students with their homework assignments by posting various articles related to the academic life. Recently, we managed to find these valuable tips shared by the most hard-working students around the English-speaking world.
Hopefully, they will help you to stay focused on your homework in any environment!
Many students ignore this rule and remain in the same clothes when doing homework. You need to have special home clothing you wear during the day and the one you put on at night. Any successful time management is impossible without proper planning. It is the most expensive resource in the world, so try to play with it correctly. Find different homework planners and timers online using your computer, phone, or another device with internet access.
It will take little efforts to download and set up the chosen homework software, but it will help to keep focused by having a time map in your mind. If you study in your room, open the window to breathe some fresh air.
Make sure the lighting is right enough for the homework preparation. Set the music on if you prefer classical composers. Spend some minutes on solving one more problem which is a dirty workplace. You need only your computer, textbook, and study notes.In addition, management accounting is helpful in order to generate objectives and strategies for the company.
It seems, we are in the dark about engaging students in the homework process. Fact 5 The homework is not built into classroom assessments. You'll leave the program with a manuscript ready to submit to publishers, along with an action plan for putting your writing into practice in the world.
When asking them to write, I try to write something too which makes the exercise a truly collaborative experience.
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